Global Regulatory Approval of Colors

INS No. JECFA Name US Name 21 CFR Section EU Name E No. EINECS No. CAS No. CI Name CI No. Other Common Synonyms
100(i) Curcumin Turmeric oleoresin 73.615 Curcumin E100  207-280-5 Natural Yellow 3 75300 Turmeric Yellow; Diferoyl Methane; Kurkum
100(ii) Turmeric Turmeric 73.600 coloring food stuff
101(i) Riboflavin, synthetic Riboflavin 73.450 Riboflavin E101(i) 201-507-1 83-88-5 Lactoflavin; Vitamin B2
101(ii) Riboflavin 5′-phosphate sodium Riboflavin-5’-phosphate E101(ii) 204-988-6 130-40-5 Riboflavin 5′-phosphate ester monosodium salt, Vitamin B2 phosphate ester monosodium salt
101(iii) Riboflavin from Bacillus subtilis 83-88-5 Vitamin B2; lactoflavin
102 Tartrazine FD&C Yellow No. 5 74.705 Tartrazine E102 217-699-5 1934-21-0 Food Yellow 4 19140
104 Quinoline yellow Quinoline yellow E104 305-897-5 80583-08-0 Food Yellow 13 47005
110 Sunset yellow FCF FD&C Yellow No. 6 74.706 Sunset Yellow FCF E110 220-491-7 2783-94-0 Food Yellow 3 15985 Orange Yellow S
120 Carmines Cochineal extract; Carmine 73.100 Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines E120 Natural Red 4 75470 Cochineal carmine
122 Azorubine Azorubine; Carmoisine E122 222-657-4 3567-69-9 Food Red 3 14720
123 Amaranth Amaranth E123 213-022-2 915-67-3 Food Red 9 16185 Naphtol Rot S.
124 Ponceau 4R Ponceau 4R; Cochineal Red A E124 220-036-2 2611-82-7 Food Red 7 16255 New Coccine; Brilliant Scarlet
127 Erythrosine FD&C Red No. 3 74.303 Erythrosine E127 240-474-8 16423-68-0 Food Red 14 45430
129 Allura red AC FD&C Red No. 40 74.340 Allura Red AC E129 247-368-0 25956-17-6 Food Red 17 16035
131 Patent blue V Patent Blue V E131 222-573-8 3536-49-0 Food Blue 5 42051
132 Indigotine FD&C Blue No. 2 74.102 Indigotine; Indigo Carmine E132 212-728-8 860-22-0 Food Blue 1 73015
133 Brilliant blue FCF FD&C Blue No. 1 74.101 Brilliant Blue FCF E133 223-339-8 3844-45-9 Food Blue 2 42090
140 Chlorophylls Chlorophylls E140(i) 215-800-7  1406-65-1 Natural Green 3 75810 Magnesium Chlorophyll; Magnesium Phaeophytin
Chlorophyllins E140(ii) 287-483-3 85536-03-4 Natural Green 5 75815 Sodium Chlorophyllin; Potassium Chlorophyllin
141(i) Chlorophylls, copper complexes Copper complexes of chlorophylls E141(i) Natural Green 3 75810 Copper chlorophyll; copper phaeophytin
141(ii) Chlorphyllins, copper complexes, potassium and sodium salts Sodium Copper Chlorophyllin 73.125 Copper complexes of chlorophyllins E141(ii) Natural Green 5 75815 Potassium copper chlorophyllin
142 Green S Green S E142 221-409-2 3087-16-9 Food Green 4 44090 Brilliant Green BS; Food Green S
143 Fast Green FCF FD&C Green No. 3 74.203 2353-45-9 Food Green 3 42053
150a Caramel I – plain caramel  Caramel  73.85 Plain caramel E150a  232-435-9  8028-89-5 Caustic caramel
150b Caramel II – sulfite caramel Caustic sulphite caramel E150b
150c Caramel III-ammonia caramel Ammonia caramel E150c
150d Caramel IV – sulfite ammonia caramel Sulphite ammonia caramel E150d
151 Brilliant black Brilliant Black BN; Black PN E151 219-746-5 2519-30-4 Food Black 1 28440  Brilliant black PN
153 Vegetable carbon Vegetable carbon E153  231-153-3  7440-444-0 Vegetable black
155 Brown HT Brown HT E155  224-924-0 4553-89-3 Food Brown 3 20285 Chocolate brown HT
160a (i) Beta-Carotene, synthetic Beta-Carotene  73.95 Beta-Carotene E160a(i) 230-636-6 7235-40-7 Food Orange 5 40800
160a(ii) Carotenes (vegetable) Carrot oil 73.300 Plant Carotenes  E160a(ii)  75130 Natural beta-carotene; carotenes-natural; mixed carotenes
160a(iii) beta-Carotene from Blakeslea trispora Beta-Carotene 73.95 Beta-Carotene from Blakeslea trispora  E160a(iii)  40800
160a(iv) Carotenes (Algae)  Algal Carotenes  E160a(iv)  75130 Natural Beta-carotene; carotenes-natural
160b Annatto extract  73.30 Annatto, Bixin, Norbixin E160b 215-735-4 1393-63-1 Natural Orange 4 75120  Orlean; Terre orellana; L. Orange
160b(i) Annatto extracts (Solvent-extracted bixin) Solvent-extracted bixin and norbixin E160b(i) 215-735-4 (annatto); 289-561-2 (annatto seed extract); 230-248-7 (bixin) 6983-79-5 Annatto B
160b(ii) Annatto extracts(solvent-extracted norbixin) 542-40-5 (cis-Norbixin); 33261-80-2 (cis-Norbixin dipotassium salt); 33261-81-3 (cis-Norbixin disodium salt) Annatto C
Alkali-extracted annatto E160b(ii) 542-40-5; 33261-81-3
Oil extracted annatto E160b(iii)
Paprika 73.340 coloring food stuff
160c(ii) Paprika extract Paprika oleoresin 73.345 Paprika extract, Capsanthin, Capsorubin E160c 207-364-1 (capsanthin); 207-425-2 (Capsorubin)  465-42-9 (Capsanthin); 470-38-2 (capsorubin)
160d(i) Lycopene (synthetic) Synthetic lycopene E160d(i) 207-949-1 502-65-8 Natural Yellow 27 75125 Lycopene from chemical synthesis
160d(ii) Lycopene extract from tomato Tomato lycopene extract; tomato lycopene concentrate  73.585 Lycopene from red tomatoes E160d(ii)  Lycopene (tomato)
160d(iii) Lycopene from Blakeslea trispora Lycopene from Blakeslea trispora E160d(iii)
160e beta-apo-8′-Carotenal Beta-Apo-8’-carotenal 73.90 Beta-apo-8’-carotenal (C30) E160e  214-171-6 1107-26-2 Food Orange 6 40820
161b(i) Lutein from Tagetes erecta  Lutein E161b 204-840-0 127-40-2 Vegetable lutein; vegetable luteol
161b(ii) Tagetes extract Xanthophylls; Bo-Xan
161g Canthaxanthin Canthaxanthin 73.75 Canthaxanthin E161g 208-187-2 514-78-3 Food Orange 8 40850
162 Beet Red Dehydrated beets (beet powder) 73.40 Beetroot Red, Betanin E162 231-628-5 7659-95-2
163 Anthocyanins Anthocyanins E163 208-438-6 (cyanidin); 205-125-6 (peonidin); 208-437-0 (delphinidin); 211-403-8 (malvidin); 205-127-7 (pelargonidin); 215-849-4 (petunidin) 11029-12-2
163(ii) Grape skin extract Grape Skin Extract (enocianina) 73.170  Eno
 163(iii) Blackcurrant extract 6906-38-3
Grape color extract 73.169
170(i) Calcium carbonate Calcium Carbonate E170 207-439-9 471-34-1 Pigment White 18 77220 Chalk
171 Titanium dioxide Titanium Dioxide 73.575 Titanium Dioxide E171 236-675-5 13463-67-7 Pigment White 6 77891 Titania
172 Iron oxides Synthetic Iron Oxide 73.200 Iron oxides and hydroxides E172
172(i) Iron oxide black 235-442-5 1317-61-9 Pigment Black 11 77499
172(ii) Iron oxide red 215-168-2 1309-37-1 Pigment Red 101 and 102 77491
172(iii) Iron oxide yellow 257-098-5 51274-00-1 Pigment Yellow 42 and 43 77492
173 Aluminium powder Aluminum E173 231-072-3 7429-90-5 Pigment Metal 77000
176 Potassium aluminum silicate-based pearlescent pigments(Types I-III) Mica-based pearlescent pigments 73.350 E171 with E555
579 Ferrous Gluconate Ferrous gluconate 73.160 Ferrous gluconate E579 206-076-3 299-29-6
  Saffron Saffron 73.500 coloring food stuff  27876-94-4 (crocetin); 42553-65-1 (crocin) Natural Yellow 6 75100 Crocus, French Saffron, Spanish Saffron, Safraan, Keshar
Vegetable Juice 73.260 coloring food stuff
Fruit Juice 73.250 coloring food stuff
Spirulina extract 73.530 coloring food stuff
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